The artists on display in the Davis Gallery were all born before the year 1900. Many of them them studied abroad in European academies where they were classically trained. They were also witnesses of, and participants in, the emergence of Impressionism and Post-Impressionism throughout the latter half of the 19th Century.
The art styles represented in this gallery include:
Neoclassical Art (19th Century)
A 19th Century interpretation of the art of the Renaissance and Antiquity, taught in the prestigious academies of Europe. Neoclassical Art is based on the representation of three-dimensional space, and depictions of dramatic historical events, classical landscapes, and mythical themes and characters.
G.Victor Grinnell (1878-1946)’s Autumn Landscape, 1916. Oil on canvas (left)
Earl Kenneth Bates (1895-1973), Manayunk, undated. Oil on canvas (right)
Romanticism (late 18th to mid-19th Century)
Focused on emotive representation of individuals, nature, and “the sublime” rather than classical subjects, Romanticism emphasizes movement and drama; cloudy skies often cover as much as half the canvas. Visible brush strokes are noticeable.
Peter Marcus (1889 – 1934), Untitled, undated. Oil on board (left)
Arthur Meltzer (1893-1989), Wind Driven, undated. Oil on canvas (right)
The Pre-Raphaelites (mid-19th Century)
The Pre-Raphaelites sought a return to the themes and styles of art before the “corrupting” influence of Raphael and the other Mannerists. Inspired by mythical or biblical tales, Arthurian legend, or literature such as Shakespeare, this style is most notable for abundant detail, rich color, and idealization of Anglo-Saxon feminine beauty.
Frances Darby Davis (1871-1962), Circe Weaving Spells, undated. Oil on canvas (left)
Julian Joseph (1882-1964), Helene, undated. Oil on canvas (right)
The Rise of Impressionism (mid-to-late 19th Century)
Impressionism was the first great step away from the Neoclassical representation. It introduced a change in style as well as subject matter. Impressionism broke subject matter down into bits of color, often applied loosely, with the intent of capturing fleeting effects of light. Human subjects are most often middle-class individuals at home or in popular social settings.
Lars Thorsen (1876-1952), Chesebro’s Wharf, Noank, c. 1930. Oil on canvas (left)
J. Elliot Enneking (1881-1942), Holly Hock, undated. Oil on canvas (right)
Post-Impressionism (late 19th to early 20th Century)
Post-Impressionism emphasizes abstract qualities and symbolic content. Post-Impressionists (including Paul Cézanne, Paul Gaugin, and Georges Seurat) continued using vivid colors, often thick application of paint, and representational subject matter, but were more inclined to emphasize geometric forms, distort form for expressive effect, and use unnatural or arbitrary color.
Marguerite Hanson (1898-1988), Tree Trunks: Near, Far, and In Between, 1969. Watercolor on paper
Yard, New London Road, undated.
Oil on linen
Three Sassafras Trees – Mason’s Island, undated. Oil on canvas
Summer, c. 1930. Oil on canvas
Under the Bough, undated. Oil on board.
The Harp, undated. Photogravure print.
Untitled Sketch, 1890. Graphite on paper.
The Raconteur (The Storyteller), undated. Black and white photography
Winter on Pearl Street (Mystic, 1934), 1934. Oil on canvas
A Grey Morning on the Mystic River, 1913. Oil
Peonies, 1918. Pastel
Portrait of a Young Woman, undated. Oil on canvas
Francesca & Paolo, undated. Oil
Circe Weaving Spells, undated. Oil
Landscape with Rice Paddies, undated. Pastel
Waves Breaking on Shore, undated. Pastel
Chesebro’s Wharf, Noank, c. 1930. Oil on canvas
Sketch of Workers, undated. Graphite on paper
Four People Clamming, undated. Watercolor
View of Mystic from Mistuxet Ave, undated. Oil on canvas
Autumn Landscape, 1916. Oil on canvas
, undated. Oil on canvas
Helene, undated. Oil
A Day in Noank, 1933. Woodblock print on paper
Spring Comes to Toro, undated. Oil
Backwoods Country, Ledyard Road, undated. Oil
Lantern Hill, undated. Oil
Untitled, undated. Oil on canvas
Untitled, undated. Oil on canvas
Still Life, undated. Oil on canvas
Untitled, undated. Oil
Charles Davis, undated. Black and white photograph
Gravel Street, Mystic, CT, undated. Oil on canvas
Wind Driven, undated. Oil on canvas
Bouquet of Flowers, undated. Oil
Flowers and Patterns, undated. Oil
Toledo Spain, 1926. Watercolor
Harlequin & Columbine, before 1932. Oil on canvas
Manayunk, undated. Oil on canvas
Woman Standing, undated. Plaster
Martha’s Vineyard Harbor, undated. Watercolor
New Yorker Cover: MAA Hanging Committee, c. 1951. Print
Self Portrait, c. 1950-1955. Watercolor, pastel, and gouache
Windy Day, undated. Watercolor
Nefertiti, c. 1962. Etching
British Challengers, c. 1964. Etching
Star Boat, undated. Etching
Montauk Lighthouse, Cancelled Plate, undated. Copper plate and etching
Sketch of Mason’s Island Yacht Club, 1955. Graphite on paper
My Wife, Frances, 1937. Oil on canvas
Still Life of Fruit, undated. Oil on canvas
Dr. E.A. Henkle, undated. Oil on canvas
Tree Trunks: Near, Far, and In Between, 1969. Watercolor
Mouth of the Chicago River from Outer Drive, 1967. Oil
Bronze and Petunias, undated. Pen and ink
October, undated. Pen and ink