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Halsey Gallery

The artists on display in the Halsey Gallery were born between 1901 and the early 1930s, and were more likely to have studied art in U.S. cities like New York, Chicago, Boston, and Philadelphia than in Europe. Styles began to change more rapidly, and much more drastically, than they had during the previous century, especially after World War I.

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In addition to some of the artistic styles explored in Davis Gallery, be on the lookout for elements from:

Art Nouveau (turn of the 20th Century)

Widely adopted by architects, graphic designers, and illustrators, this highly stylized art form focused on the natural world, emphasizing the long, sinuous lines and curves of plants and leaves. Famous examples include artist Alphonse Mucha, architect Antoni Gaudi, and designer Louis Comfort Tiffany.

Andrew Messick (1907-1997), Carmel Bay, California, 1966. Watercolor on paper.






Fauvism (early 20th Century)

Fauvism emphasizes “painterly” fluid, vibrant brush strokes, and bold, non-naturalistic color over the representational values retained by Impressionism. Henri Matisse and André Derain were the movement’s leaders.

Frank Jo Raymond (1907-1993), Self Portrait, undated. Tempera on paper.







Expressionism (early 20th Century)

Expressionism presents the world from a purely subjective perspective, radically distorting imagery for emotional effect. Widely associated with the “angst” of the period leading up to and including the First World War, Expressionism is characterized by bold brush strokes, heavy outlines, and darker colors. Edvard Munch is a famous practitioner.

Eugene G. Witmer (1929-1987), Female Nude, undated. Watercolor, pen and ink on paper







Cubism (early 20th Century)

Cubism is an avant-garde art movement pioneered by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, who were inspired by Paul Cézannes’s revolutionary representation of three-dimensional form. Subject matter is analyzed, broken up, and reassembled in order to represent a multitude of viewpoints simultaneously—expanding the context of the image.

Joseph Gualtieri (1916-2015), Rooftop, undated. Mixed media





Art Deco (early 20th Century)

Art Deco (shortened from Les Arts Décoratifs or “decorative arts”) combined avant garde styles with fine craftsmanship and rich materials. Defined by bold, clean lines and elegant patterning, Art Deco represented luxury, glamour, and progress. The Chrysler Building in New York is an example of Art Deco architecture.

Beonne Boronda (1911-2011), Afghan Hound, 1937. Plaster







Surrealism (early-to-mid-20th Century)

Surrealism defies logic by juxtaposing incongruous elements in dreamlike settings. Surrealists, like Salvador Dali, sought to deploy the creative potential of the unconscious mind. Surrealism arose after World War I out of the Dadaist movement.

Lil Maxwell (1921-2003), The Last Dance, 2003. Acrylic on canvas







Abstract Expressionism (mid-20th Century)

Abstract Expressionism is a term applied to new forms of abstract art developed by American painters such as Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, and Willem de Kooning. It is often characterized by gestural brush-strokes or process-driven mark-making (such as “action painting”), and the impression of spontaneity.

Fritz Stein (1932-2007), Untitled, undated. Mixed media






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