The artists on display in the Halsey Gallery were born between 1901 and the early 1930s, and were more likely to have studied art in U.S. cities like New York, Chicago, Boston, and Philadelphia than in Europe. Styles began to change more rapidly, and much more drastically, than they had during the previous century, especially after World War I.
In addition to some of the artistic styles explored in Davis Gallery, be on the lookout for elements from:
Art Nouveau (turn of the 20th Century)
Widely adopted by architects, graphic designers, and illustrators, this highly stylized art form focused on the natural world, emphasizing the long, sinuous lines and curves of plants and leaves. Famous examples include artist Alphonse Mucha, architect Antoni Gaudi, and designer Louis Comfort Tiffany.
Andrew Messick (1907-1997), Carmel Bay, California, 1966. Watercolor on paper.
Fauvism (early 20th Century)
Fauvism emphasizes “painterly” fluid, vibrant brush strokes, and bold, non-naturalistic color over the representational values retained by Impressionism. Henri Matisse and André Derain were the movement’s leaders.
Frank Jo Raymond (1907-1993), Self Portrait, undated. Tempera on paper.
Expressionism (early 20th Century)
Expressionism presents the world from a purely subjective perspective, radically distorting imagery for emotional effect. Widely associated with the “angst” of the period leading up to and including the First World War, Expressionism is characterized by bold brush strokes, heavy outlines, and darker colors. Edvard Munch is a famous practitioner.
Eugene G. Witmer (1929-1987), Female Nude, undated. Watercolor, pen and ink on paper
Cubism (early 20th Century)
Cubism is an avant-garde art movement pioneered by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque, who were inspired by Paul Cézannes’s revolutionary representation of three-dimensional form. Subject matter is analyzed, broken up, and reassembled in order to represent a multitude of viewpoints simultaneously—expanding the context of the image.
Joseph Gualtieri (1916-2015), Rooftop, undated. Mixed media
Art Deco (early 20th Century)
Art Deco (shortened from Les Arts Décoratifs or “decorative arts”) combined avant garde styles with fine craftsmanship and rich materials. Defined by bold, clean lines and elegant patterning, Art Deco represented luxury, glamour, and progress. The Chrysler Building in New York is an example of Art Deco architecture.
Beonne Boronda (1911-2011), Afghan Hound, 1937. Plaster
Surrealism (early-to-mid-20th Century)
Surrealism defies logic by juxtaposing incongruous elements in dreamlike settings. Surrealists, like Salvador Dali, sought to deploy the creative potential of the unconscious mind. Surrealism arose after World War I out of the Dadaist movement.
Lil Maxwell (1921-2003), The Last Dance, 2003. Acrylic on canvas
Abstract Expressionism (mid-20th Century)
Abstract Expressionism is a term applied to new forms of abstract art developed by American painters such as Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, and Willem de Kooning. It is often characterized by gestural brush-strokes or process-driven mark-making (such as “action painting”), and the impression of spontaneity.
Fritz Stein (1932-2007), Untitled, undated. Mixed media
Mallards, undated. Lithograph
Winter in Stonington, undated. Oil
Conversation Piece, 1936. Watercolor
Rugged Connecticut, undated. Watercolor
Obey Me Nat, Take This and Give Me Six Good Strokes (Little Men), c. 1933. Watercolor
Train Window at Dusk, 1948. Watercolor
Driftwood, undated. Watercolor
Mushroom Caverns, Village Scene, undated. Gouache on board
Untitled Still Life with Lemons, 1932. Oil on board
Carmel Bay, California, 1966. Watercolor
Self Portrait, undated. Tempera
Italian Village, 1933. Watercolor
Untitled, undated. Oil on canvas
Afghan Hound, 1937. Plaster
Fog at the Shore, undated. Watercolor
New Robes (Doctor of Divinity), undated. Oil on canvas
Pot Call the Kettle Black, undated. Pastel
Untitled, undated. Oil on board
Little Mouse, undated. Plaster
Galed Gesner (1915-1960)
Little Pig, undated. Terracotta
Seaside Goldenrod, 1988. Color photograph
Maine Coast, 1991. Color photograph
Rooftop, undated. Mixed media
Still Life, undated. Oil on canvas
Bessie Marie Snowden, undated. Oil on canvas
House on Blood Street, undated. Oil on canvas
3rd Avenue El Station, NYC, 1999. Black and white photograph
Spring at Harkness Park, 1996. Watercolor
Early Self Portrait, 1942. Oil on board
Summer Meadow, 1980. Oil on board
Amado, Arizona, 1947. Watercolor
Paul White’s Studio, undated. Watercolor
Port of De Spain, Trinidad, 1942. Watercolor
Punch Bowl, undated. Stoneware with rutile glaze
Love Notes, undated. Oil on canvas
Still Life, undated. Oil on canvas
Nefertiti’s Chamber, 1953. Oil on canvas
The Last Dance, 2003. Acrylic on canvas
Touch Me Too, undated. Bronze
Wake Me Up Next Spring, undated. Plaster
Pears, undated. Oil on canvas
Yellow Vase, 2011. Oil on canvas
Mystic River Bridge, 1952. Watercolor
Lords Point Rocks, undated. Oil on canvas
Tabletop Garden, 2004. Oil on canvas
Carousel Horse, undated. Color photograph
Female Nude , undated. Watercolor, pen and ink
Church of Saint Patrick, Mystic, CT, undated. Watercolor
Untitled, undated. Mixed media